Tektronix 2445B repair step 05 fail 44

October 17th, 2015

This scope failed 3 years ago and the symptom was just no display after power on but some LEDs flicks to a point and stopped at “ADD” LED there!  Recently I take it out and attempt to repair it.

The first suspect is the high voltage board defective and I open it and do a check on the high voltage board switching transistor and everything looks fine.  Also I can get about 65k switching frequency at the switch mode power supply.  After looking around, I see there is a “G Bias” pot on the high voltage board and then I turn it clockwise and see some display DOT on the screen.  The scope wordings of time base and input attention can be seen also.  Thus I reboot it and see a “Step 05 fail 44” error on the screen.  After checking the service manual it point to the DAC on the control board and thus I look at it again.  Oh I find the leaking SMD capacitors with corrosion in its surrounding components.

It can be seen that the components surrounding the three E-cap are with corrosion solder join!  So in totally changed all 4 SMD e-caps on the control board as the other corner also have one more leakage e-cap.

After changed the 4 caps, I put back the board and power on the set but the failure symptom is still same step 05 fail 44!!!  So I probe around the DAC chip and check the Vref 10V at pins 14 and pin 15.  The voltage is really low and close to 0 volt.

So I started to check the components around the DAC U2234 and later find out that the resistor R2228 10k is open circuit.  I replace it with another one smd resistor and after that I power up the set and it works again!

I burn in the set for about 15 mins and then I start to smell something from the scope and of course power off it immediately.  Open up and found the line filter caps (RIFA) brands are all burnt together with two more resistors.

C1018, R1018, C1016, R1010 (parallel with RT1010; 15 ohm not on schematic) were all burnt of open circuits.  Later I also find three more Rifa capacitors on the other PCB (2200pf and 10nF 250v ~ is also crack a bit on the body.  I take them out and all the 2200 pf caps are with very low value of about 100pf!  Thus I order them from element14 and they arrive after 3 days.  For the 0.068u 250V~ cap, I use on hand 0.1uf 250V~ cap to replace them (blue color on the picture).  After put back, everything  works fine.  I have brought this 25 years old scope back to life!

I also note that there are many same scope 2445 or 2445B with similar failure of step 05 fail 44.  I hope this information can help some of the people to repair their scope.

IMG_1128 IMG_1142 IMG_1193 IMG_1195 IMG_1202 IMG_1221IMG_1247 IMG_1251 2445B repair


Sales update 2015 Sep

September 11th, 2015

Please note that I am still selling Toshiba 2SK170 and 2SJ74 jfets in match pair or quad.  Please write to ask.

For the other items, I only can sell F5T, FDA-1B and FDA-2A bare pcbs as kit is no more time to pack.



Update in Aug 2015

July 19th, 2015


Audio Lab is up !

After spending some time for few weeks, the Tek Curve Tracer has been repaired due to a capacitor short circuit on the main board.  It is replaced and the set works again!  See the Tek 577 on the left side of the table.


After that I am thinking of a way to sort the Long Wait Toshiba power mosfets – 2SK1530 and 2SJ201.


F5T Pre-amp + FDA-2A AD1955 DAC in one box

May 11th, 2014

This is a pre-amp plus a FDA-2A in one box.  It was built in year 2012.  I use a old Yamaha DA8X box to house eveythings insides.  See the pdf files at bottom for details.


FDA-2A with USB, Optical and AES digital input.  Push button for digital input selection at the front panel.

DAC direct output is available in RCA sockets.

F5T Pre-amp:

Alps volume control from DAC output and note that there is no other analogy input for the preamp.

The pre-amp is based on Nelson Pass F5T power amp design and striped down to only one pair mosfet and lower bias current at about 200mA.  Supplier voltage is at about +/-23V with a small transformer.  Power mosfet is using Toshiba J200 / K1529 pair and casing is acted as the heatsink of power mosfet.

A headphone jack is connected in parallel with the pre-amp RCA sockets.  It can drive most headphones due to sufficient high bias of the power mosfets.


Details refer to this pdf file: F5T-Pre_DAC



Toshiba 2SJ74BL measurement

January 3rd, 2013

Many diyers have been buying some fake 2SJ74 from China sources or even from US source and thus some of them ask me for the measurement curve of this genuine Toshiba part.  Here is the file which you can enlarge to see the curve and estimated Yfs (gain) of the part.  The jfet selected is at about 10.8mA Idss (top curve).  The setting of Tek 577 is highlighted for easy reference but you can zoom in the pdf to see actual setting of equipment.


Note that the part is laser marked as it is new part production in 2008, probably the last production batch in Japan.  For ink mark, those are very old part that I have sold before – 2SJ74V.


You may notice that I have increased the price from 2013 because there are not too many stock left for sales.

J74 measurement